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托福口语如何描述端午节习俗
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  The Dragon Boat Festival, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years. It is usually in June in the Gregorian calendar。

  端午节(农历5月5日)是中国古老的传统节日,始于春秋战国时期,至今已有2000多年历史。

  粽子tsung-tse:Glutinous rice filled with meat, nuts or bean paste and wrapped in bamboo leaves. It is associated with Dragon Boat Festival with historical meaning.The custom of eating zongzi is now popular in North and South Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian nations。

  端午节吃什么?“粽包分两髻,艾束著危冠。旧俗方储药,羸躯亦点丹。”端午节不可不吃的美味食物就是粽子(tsung-tse)。

  Adults drink Xiong Huang Wine, which can fend off evil spirits。

  端午节喝什么?“樱桃桑椹与菖蒲,更买雄黄酒一壶。”端午节尝试一下雄黄酒吧。

  “Dragon boat racing is an indispensable part of the festival, held all over the country. As the gun is fired, people will see racers in dragon-shaped canoes pulling the oars harmoniously and hurriedly, accompanied by rapid drums, speeding toward their destination。

  端午节玩什么? “鼓声三下红旗开,两龙跃出浮水来。棹影斡波飞万剑,鼓声劈浪鸣千雷。”端午节最应景的节目就是赛龙舟。

  On Dragon Boat Festival, parents also need to dress their children up with a perfume pouch. They first sew little bags with colorful silk cloth, then fill the bags with perfumes or herbal medicines, and finally string them with silk threads. The perfume pouch will be hung around the neck or tied to the front of a garment as an ornament. They are said to be able to ward off evil。

  端午节戴什么?端午节最有特色的饰物就是香包(sachet)。小孩佩戴香包,传说有避邪驱瘟之意。

  端午节挂什么?“不效艾符趋习俗,但祈蒲酒话升平。”挂艾叶菖蒲hang branches of moxa and calamus around the doors of their homes 和悬钟馗像display portraits of evil’s nemesis, Chung Kuei都是为了驱疾避凶,讨个吉利。

  端午节玩什么?

  赛龙舟

  Dragon boat race

  赛龙舟,是端午节的主要习俗。相传古时楚国人因舍不得贤臣屈原投江死去,划船追赶拯救。他们争先恐后,追至洞庭湖时不见踪迹。之后每年五月五日划龙舟以纪念之。借划龙舟驱散江中之鱼,以免鱼吃掉屈原的身体。竞渡之习,盛行于吴、越、楚。

  吃粽子

  Eating rice dumpling

  荆楚之人在五月五日煮糯米饭或蒸粽糕投入江中, 以祭祀屈原,为恐鱼吃掉,故用竹筒盛装糯米饭掷下,以后渐用粽叶包米代替竹筒。

  驱五毒

  Expelling five poisonous vermin

  古人将蛇、蝎、壁虎、蜈蚣、蟾蜍等称为五毒。民谣说:"端午节,天气热,五毒醒,不安宁。"每到端午节,人们用彩色纸把五毒剪成剪纸,或贴在门、窗、墙、炕上,或系在儿童的手臂上,以避诸毒。

  饮雄黄酒

  Drinking realgar wine

  雄黄本属矿物,含有三硫化砷成分,与酒混合,即成雄黄酒,用以驱虫解五毒。小儿涂于头、额、耳、鼻、手、足心,并洒墙壁问,以法诸毒。民间俗语有"饮了雄黄酒,百病都远走"。

  悬艾叶菖蒲

  Hanging mugwort or calamus

  民谚说:"清明插柳,端午插艾"。在端午节,家家都洒扫庭除,以菖蒲、艾条插于门眉,悬于堂中。并用菖蒲、艾叶、榴花、蒜头、龙船花,制成人形或虎形,称为艾人、艾虎;制成花环、佩饰,美丽芬芳,妇人争相佩戴,用以驱瘴。

  挂钟馗像

  Hanging pictures of Zhong Kui

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